The Death of Idealism and Anti-Politics in the Peace Corps

The Death of Idealism
Development and Anti-Politics in the Peace Corps
by Meghan Elizabeth Kallman
Columbia University Press
320 pages
$24.48 (Kindle), $110.00 (Hardback), $28.00 (paperback)
April 21, 2020

 

 

Meghan Elizabeth Kallman is an assistant professor at the School for Global Inclusion and Social Development at the University of Massachusetts Boston. She is coauthor of The Third Sector: Community Organizations, NGOs, and Nonprofits (2016) and an elected official in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

Meghan Elizabeth Kallman

A case study of the conflict between professionalization and idealism in the Peace Corps.

Shows how organizational practices affect people’s ideas and values in ways that have long lasting consequences for their lives and careers.

Based on interviews with over 140 current and returned Peace Corps volunteers, brings a new perspective on how people lose their idealism and why that matters.

Peace Corps volunteers seem to exemplify the desire to make the world a better place. Yet despite being one of history’s clearest cases of organized idealism, the Peace Corps has, in practice, ended up cultivating very different outcomes among its volunteers. By the time they return from the Peace Corps, volunteers exhibit surprising shifts in their political and professional consciousness. Rather than developing a systemic perspective on development and poverty, they tend instead to focus on individual behavior; they see professions as the only legitimate source of political and social power. They have lost their idealism, and their convictions and beliefs have been reshaped along the way.

The Death of Idealism uses the case of the Peace Corps to explain why and how participation in a bureaucratic organization changes people’s ideals and politics. Meghan Elizabeth Kallman offers an innovative institutional analysis of the role of idealism in development organizations. She details the combination of social forces and organizational pressures that depoliticizes Peace Corps volunteers, channels their idealism toward professionalization, and leads to cynicism or disengagement. Kallman sheds light on the structural reasons for the persistent failure of development organizations and the consequences for the people involved. Based on interviews with over 140 current and returned Peace Corps volunteers, field observations, and a large-scale survey, this deeply researched, theoretically rigorous book offers a novel perspective on how people lose their idealism, and why that matters.

 

2 Comments

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  • A timely subject, which, in some ways, goes back to the beginning, and the relative priorities of the then-new “Three Goals”. The idealistic idea of making the world better, oftentimes comes into direct conflict with long-established host country cultural values, raising the early question of whether PCVs are there to change what people believe. John Turmbull

  • John Turnbull,

    I think that is an excellent question. However, I have read Kallman’s book. I have no training or even knowledge of Sociology theory or terminology. I think, and I could be wrong, her conclusion is Peace Corps Volunteers should be more political and the PC bureaucracy socializes PCVS not to be political and thus PCVs lose their idealism.

    Kallman used the NPCA network of affiliate groups to promote her questionnaire and invite RPCVs and PCVS to participate in her study. I have not seen the questionnaire nor does she publish it or even the title. I would really appreciate a review of her work by a RPCV who is knowledgeable about Sociology theory and terminology. I really did get lost. Although, there are errors in fact which I think are glaring, but may not be important.

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