Mildred D. Taylor (Ethiopia 1965-67) is our Peace Corps Writer of 2021.
Millie is also the winner of the 2021 Children’s Literature Legacy Award presented by the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association, honoring an author or illustrator, published in the United States, whose books have made a significant and lasting contribution to literature for children.
“Taylor’s storytelling shows how courage, dignity, and family love endure amidst racial injustice and continues to enlighten hearts and minds of readers through the decades,” said Children’s Literature Legacy Award Committee Chair Dr. Junko Yokota.
Mildred Taylor was born in Mississippi, grew up in Ohio, and now lives in Colorado. A childhood of listening to family stories told by her father and uncles at the Mississippi family homestead guided her journey in becoming a writer. In 1975, Mildred won the competition of the Council of Interracial Books for Children for her story Song of the Trees which meant having her first book published.
Weaving elements from her family history, Taylor’s lifelong work has been the telling of the Logan family saga.
Taylor’s award-winning works include “Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry”, which won the 1977 Newbery Medal and the Coretta Scott King Honor Award; “The Friendship,” “Road to Memphis,” and “The Land,” all recipients of the Coretta Scott King Award. In addition to numerous awards for individual books, Mildred Taylor is the 2020 recipient of the Coretta Scott King-Virginia Hamilton Award for Lifetime Achievement.
The Logan family saga is told across 10 books that span generations. Grounded in family loyalty and love, each generation faces seemingly unsurmountable challenges yet meets them with resilience. Powerful stories tell the impact of racism and are presented in the details of day-to-day bullying and injustices such as the denial of human rights, legalized segregation, civil rights, and more. Taylor’s stories are important for readers today so that we may understand how the past influences our present and can influence the future. But most importantly, themes of family, love, friendships, and perseverance prevail. Mildred Taylor has influenced decades of readers. 2018 ALSC Legacy Award winner Jacqueline Woodson states that she is a writer because she read Mildred Taylor’s books.
ALSC is the world’s largest organization dedicated to the support and enhancement of library service to children. With a network of more than 4,000 children’s and youth librarians, literature experts, publishers, and educational faculty, ALSC members are committed to engaging communities to build healthy, successful futures for all children. To learn more about ALSC, visit their website.
In the Peace Corps
In the first years of the Peace Corps there were a number of very good writers who served in Ethiopia. Most notable are Dick Lipez (1962-64), writing detective mysteries at Richard Stevenson; literary novelist & English professor Mark Dinenfass (1964-66); award-winning short story writer Kathleen (Johnson) Coskran (1965-67); novelist Stephen Foehr (1965-67); Dan Close (1968-71) who is still writing historical novels; and Roberta Worrick (Ethiopia 1971–73) writing as Maria Thomas. Roberta died tragically in a plane crash in the mountains of western Ethiopia in 1989. She is remembered on our site, Peace Corps Writers, by having our Fiction Award given in her name.
And there is another former PCV writer from Ethiopia — Mildred D. Taylor. I first met Millie when I was her APCD (Associate Peace Corps Director) during 1966 and 1967 in Ethiopia. She was a PCV teacher in the southern Ethiopian village of Yirgalem.
I remember her as being someone who caused no trouble, made no demands on anyone, and was a silent observer of the cluster of other PCVs in town, some of whom were real “characters.”
One of those characters was the wonderful Mary Lou Duffy (1964-66). She was famous for taking care of homeless Ethiopian students. The PCVs in town called these kids, “Duffy’s Dozen.” Mary Lou would go home to Rochester, NY, and eventually became a bank VP. That was always a stretch for me, knowing this kind and gentle woman when she was just twenty-two. She wasn’t the type, I could imagine, that someday would be running a board room.
But then I also didn’t realize what a fine writer Millie Taylor would become.
Millie Taylor attracted no notice from the Peace Corps Staff. She did her job and left Ethiopia without anyone realizing what a literary star she would become.
What I also didn’t know was that by the time Millie arrived in Ethiopia, she had already written a novel. At the age of 19, she wrote Dark People, Dark World, the story of a blind white man in Chicago’s black ghetto, told in the first person. Publishers were interested in the book, but Millie disagreed with the revisions they wanted and the novel was never published.
She graduated from the University of Toledo, went to Ethiopia to teach English and history, and when she came home, she worked as a Peace Corps recruiter and also did training of new PCVs for Ethiopia.
Next, she enrolled at the University Of Colorado School Of Journalism and earned a Masters degree, then moved to LA in 1971 to write full time and support herself by doing temporary editing and proofreading.
She also married and had a little girl.
Her life and career, however, were changing. In 1973, she entered a contest sponsored by the Council on Interracial Books for Children. Her book, Song of the Trees, won first prize in the contest’s African-American category and was published by Dial Books in 1975. The New York Times listed it as an outstanding book of the year.
This book, about the Logan family, was the first in a series of nine novels based on stories from Mildred’s own family’s history. One of her best-known, Let the Circle Be Unbroken, was nominated for the 1982 National Book Award and received the Coretta Scott King Award in 1983.
She had grown up immersed in family stories. As a child, Taylor visited her great-grandfather’s house in the South, built at the turn of the past century, a house that didn’t have running water or electricity. Memories of those visits found their way into her family stories, most notably Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, the 1977 Newbery Medal winner. Taylor’s stories reveal struggles, racial tension, and tragedy, as well as triumph, pride, and family honor.
In 2006, Nancy J. Johnson a professor of English education at Western Washington University and Cyndi Giorgis, an associate professor of children’s and young adult literature at the University of Nevada/Las Vegas interviewed Millie for Book Links.
Here Millie talks about her family, writing, and her career as a YA author.
How did you begin writing for children?
I had been trying to write stories for years that were based on narratives told by my family, and everything was always rejected. A friend of mine told me about a contest that was sponsored by the Council on Interracial Books for Children. The story I submitted was one I had previously written from several points of view [eventually published as Song of the Trees]. I tried writing it from a boy’s point of view because the story was based on my father’s life, but that didn’t work. So I decided to retell it from the girl’s point of view. It won that honor and got my foot in the door.
Was your father a storyteller?
He was a great storyteller. The whole family used to tell stories. Whenever we went south to visit relatives, I heard stories. All of my books are based on something that happened to a family member or a story told by a family member, or they are based on something that happened to me when I was growing up.
Do you hear your father’s voice when you write? Does that propel your own writing?
It really does, because I was never an outspoken child. I was always quiet. But when I’m writing a story, I hear the voices — maybe not my father’s voice — but I always hear the characters, the way they talk and how they express themselves.
What do you remember about writing Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry?
I was married and living in Los Angeles while writing that book. My mother had to have surgery so I went home. I was writing the last chapters at that time. The intensity of those chapters made writing them very difficult. I was worried about the book when a song came to me, which was Roll of Thunder. I had prayed over the book because it was too hard. When the song came I ran upstairs and told my father, “You’ve got to hear this.” I sang the song for him — everything came through in that song. I told him that day, this book is going to win the Newbery. Unfortunately, he did not live to see it published. I knew it was going to be a breakthrough book. It will always be the most special book I have written.
What compels you to continue writing family stories?
In addition to the family, I write about history because I was very affected by it as a child. When I was in school, many people did not know about the true history of black people in America. Both my mother’s and father’s families owned land. They’d had land since the 1800s. I wanted to tell the truth about what life was like before the civil rights movement.
Which of your books stands out when you think of today’s readers?
I get letters from teenagers who love The Road to Memphis and Let the Circle Be Unbroken. What readers are drawn to is the family and the fact that the characters grew up during hard times. Also, they like the romances in those books. I think they are learning many positive things about black people, in addition to what life was like and what people had to endure.
How about responses from readers? Is there one that lingers?
A boy once wrote to me but did not reveal whether he was white or black. What was moving was that he said my work could be noted as a contribution to the civil rights movement. He said if it were not for my books, he wouldn’t know what the civil rights movement was about. My books gave a face to it and now he understands why there is a Martin Luther King Day.
Another letter arrived just a couple of weeks ago. It’s handwritten and says: “I am 87 years old and can hardly see. I have just finished listening to Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry. It is the best thing I have ever heard. I sat up late each night to hear the tape from our library. Thank you so very much for the great story. I live in Mississippi and remember well the era of your book. Thank you so much for writing it.” It brought tears to my eyes to know what I have written affects people of so many different generations.
Mildred D.Taylor is an example of a Peace Corps Volunteer who has made a difference. A difference not only in Ethiopia as a teacher, but here at home as a Young Adult creative writer.
In All the Days Past, All the Days to Come (Viking Books for Young Readers, 2020) the saga of the Logan family concludes in a long-awaited and deeply fulfilling story.
— John Coyne (Ethiopia 1962-64)–