Chuck Ludlam and Paula Hirschoff talk with Brian Ross about the Peace Corps.
Archives for Peace Corps today
Chuck Ludlam and Paula Hirschoff talk with Brian Ross about the Peace Corps.
Next month Stan Meisler’s book on the Peace Corps When The World Calls: The Inside Story of the Peace Corps and Its First Fifty Years will be published by Beacon Press, here, Stan emailed me his ‘take’ on the issue of assaults in the Peace Corps based on his research and long experience with the agency. We should all listen to what Stan has to say.]
While writing my book on the history of the Peace Corps, I tried to deal with the sensational series of articles in the Dayton Daily News in 2003 that painted lurid pictures of mayhem in the Peace Corps. The ABC News 20/20 segment on rape raised many of the same issues and sent me back to the Peace Corps’ statistical studies of the problem. There is no doubt that ABC News and congressional investigators are exaggerating and distorting the issue.
First of all, let’s examine the claim that a thousand women have suffered rapes and other sexual assaults during the last decade. That is true, based on the Peace Corps’ own statistics. The trouble is that it sounds as if most of the victims or at least a large number were raped. That is not true.
The Peace Corps divides sexual assaults into three categories:
(1) Rape or attempted rape.
(2) Major sexual assaults (where an attacker uses a weapon or substantial force to grab a victim’s genitals, breasts, buttocks or anus).
(3) Other sexual assaults (where an attacker does not use substantial force but reaches out to fondle or grope the victim, usually during daylight).
In its latest “annual report of volunteer safety,” issued last December, the Peace Corp reported that in 2009, there were:
15 rapes or attempted rapes
20 major sexual assaults
76 other sexual assaults.
In short, most of the thousand victims of the last decade were victims of non-major sexual assaults.
According to the Columbia University Rape Crisis/Anti-Violence Support Center, one out of every 36 college women experience rape or attempted rape every year. If this statistic is correct, the 4624 women in the Peace Corps in 2009 were safer in their overseas posts than they would have been in college.
Of course, this is of no consolation to the Peace Corps victims and does not excuse the lack of support that the victims described in the television news show. That, of course, needs immediate correction.
There are two other issues. Is the Peace Corps assigning too many women to serve in villages by themselves without other Volunteers? Some Peace Corps veterans believe this is not a problem because families take a single girl into their homes and protect her from harm. Yet, if you read Elena Urbani’s memoir, you are troubled by the fears of sexual assault that she harbored in Guatemala for two years.
Also, the issue of sexual assault appears to be regional. Judging by the 2009 statistics, most offenses occur both in Central America and in Muslim countries, especially those that were former republics of the Soviet Union. I wonder if this is taken into account in assignments and training.
[In case you might have missed last night's ABC News, Congress is investigating charges that as many as 1,000 former Peace Corps volunteer women were raped during their service abroad. Many of those volunteers are charging that Peace Corps officials asked them to remain quiet and cover up: http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/peace-corps-congress-investigate-peace-corps-treatment-sex/story?id=12777476.]
In the wake of an ABC News “20/20″ investigation, a Congressional committee announced plans for hearings on the Peace Corps’ handling of more than a thousand cases of female volunteers who were raped or sexually assaulted over the last decade.
“This is very upsetting. If these numbers are accurate this is something that Congress definitely should investigate,” Rep. Rohrabacher, R-California, Chairman of the House subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation, told ABC News.
Rep. Ted Poe, R-Texas, called for the hearing Wednesday, telling ABC News he was “furious and sad” after watching the “20/20″ report.
In the report, six former Peace Corps volunteers and victims of sexual assault recounted the attacks against them. Most of the women said within the Peace Corps there was a culture of blaming the victim, and that they felt they had no advocate in Washington to help cut through red tape to get counseling.
“The Peace Corps needs to get its act together and make sure the victims of rape have peace of mind when they are serving the United States,” Poe said.
Poe said that he will be their advocate in Washington. “The cavalry is coming,” he said.
In the letter asking for the hearing, Poe called the Peace Corps’ alleged treatment of the women “gross negligence in caring for its volunteers abroad.”
The Peace Corps did not adequately protect its volunteers, bring U.S. resources to bear on any criminal investigation, nor provide proper care for the victims in the aftermath,” Poe wrote.
Poe cited the experience of Jess Smochek of Pennsylvania, who was interviewed by ABC News as part of the 20/20 report. Smochek, now 29, joined the Peace Corps in 2004 and was sent to Bangladesh. Just four months after arriving she was gang raped. Smochek said she felt the Peace Corps tried to cover up what happened to her.
“I have three daughters about Jess’s age. They want to save the world too,” said Rep. Poe. “People like Jess are the salt of the earth and it’s just horrible our government doesn’t stand beside them.”
On Monday, Poe dedicated his daily one-minute House Floor speech to Smochek, using information he learned from the 20/20 report.
“According to ABC News,” said Poe, “over 1,000 rapes and assaults occurred in the last 10 years against American women working for the Peace Corps, but apparently no one is listening. Those days need to end, and it’s time for justice for Jess Smochek, because justice is what we do in this country. And that’s just the way it is.”
This is the follow-up to my blog post “The Peace Corps & ABC 20/20” published on January 19th. It is my second — and last — blog on what happened in Africa to Kate Puzey.
What Appears to Have Happened in Benin in 2009
SHORTLY BEFORE BENIN PCV KATE PUZEY was scheduled to complete her service and leave the country in 2009, she emailed staff members at the Peace Corps/Benin office to inform them that a teacher at her school — a person who was also a part-time local-hire employee of the Peace Corps doing in-country training — was molesting young female students at her school. This individual was identified recently by ABC’s 20/20 in a segment “Scandal Inside the Peace Corps: Investigation into whether the Peace Corps puts women into dangerous situations” as Constant Bio, a citizen of Benin. Kate urged the PC staff to not rehire Constant Bio to train newly arriving PCVs. She also asked that her name be kept out of any discussions regarding this matter.
At least two people on the Peace Corps staff in Benin read Kate’s email; but in spite of Kate’s request for anonymity, word of the complaint and its author got out to one of the locally-hired Associate Peace Corps Directors — who was the brother of Constant Bio. Subsequently Constant Bio was dismissed from his contractor position as a training instructor by Peace Corps/Benin. Shortly thereafter Kate Puzey was as found with her throat slit. It is believed that Constant Bio’s brother, the APCD, told him that Kate Puzey had fingered him for molesting her young students.
Following the murder, three people were arrested and are still in prison and awaiting trail — nearly two years later. These individuals are: Constant Bio; his brother, the Peace Corps APCD; and a Nigerian. No trial date has been set. A friend who knows the “system” in Benin says that they will never be brought to trial. “They will simply ”rot away” in jail, he believes.
It is the opinion of the family of 24-year-old PCV Kate Puzey that Peace Corps staff in Benin “set her up” to be murdered by revealing her role in the dismissal of an employee she accused of sexually abusing girls at her school.
What Did Happen in the U.S. in 2011
ABC’s 20/20 broadcast the “Scandal Inside the Peace Corps” on January 15, 2011, that focused on the murder of Kate Puzey.
Peace Corps Director Aaron Williams — who would not go on the air with the ABC News 20/20 segment — subsequently issued on the Peace Corps website an apology to the Puzey family. In his statement, Williams said that he grieved with the Puzey family and extended an apology.
I would like to offer my apologies to the Puzey family if either the former leadership or the Agency under my direction could have been more compassionate. Personally, it is heartbreaking to learn that they ever felt abandoned by the Peace Corps. This has never been our intent.
Kate represented the best America has to offer the world with her dedication to her community and commitment to public service. We continue to grieve with the Puzey family and Kate’s friends.
. . .
We cannot comment on the ongoing investigation into the 2009 murder . . . or do anything else that could risk compromising that investigation or a successful prosecution. Peace Corps does not have a role in the ongoing investigation, but we have been assured that the Benin government is supporting the legal process necessary to conclude the investigation and begin a trial. The Department of State and the FBI have been working with the Benin authorities.
The murder took place before Director Williams or Deputy Director Carrie Hessler-Radelet — who was interviewed for “Scandal Inside the Peace Corps” — were appointed. At the time of the murder the woman in charge of the Peace Corps was Acting Director Jody Olsen (RPCV Tunisia 1966–68); head of the African Region at the time was Lynn Foden.
Also involved in responding to the family after the murder was the Regional Recruitment Office in Atlanta — where the Puzeys live. I am told by an RPCV, whom I trust, that this Regional Office went out of its way to help the family and they, along with U. S. Senator Johnny Isakson, participated in the memorial service for Kate, and were extremely supportive of the family.
Meanwhile, Back at HQ!
Another key person at the Peace Corps during that period was Elisa Montoya, White House Liaison and Senior Advisor to the Office of the Director. She was assigned as liaison to the Peace Corps by the new Obama Administration — while Olsen was still “acting” director and well before Williams’ appointedment.
Montoya, a young lawyer from New Mexico, had worked on the Obama political campaign. She had never served in the Peace Corps.
She brought with her into the Peace Corps a team of wholly inadequate personnel, beginning with Allison Price, known around HQ as “toy girl” because of her fondness for playing with toy guns during work hours, shooting darts at a large map on her office wall. Price, who is the Peace Corps press person, had worked on the Obama campaign in Pennsylvania, and she was brought in to the Peace Corps to help handle the press because of Puzey murder crisis. She then leveraged that assignment into a full-time job.
Besides Price, Montoya added to the Peace Corps roster other political appointees, none of whom had any Peace Corps experience and were never Volunteers.
- Head of the Office of Private Sector Initiatives.
- Head of the Office for liaison with the public.
- Head of the Crisis Corps, now called the Peace Corps Response.
- Head of the original office for coordinating the 50th.
Additionally, thanks to Montoya, the Peace Corps still does not have a Congressional Liaison Officer. Astonishing!
But back to the main story — while Aaron Williams should have been out front on the ABC 20/20 story — and Carrie Hessler-Radelet should not have appeared in it at all — the fact is that neither one of them were employed by the Peace Corps at the time of the murder in the spring of 2009. If anyone was to be front and center on 20/20, it should be have been Allison Price!
The Past as Prologue
But what of Acting Director Jody Olsen at the time of the murder? During her term as Deputy Director under Bush’s appointee, Gaddi Vasquez, she was not permitted to travel overseas though she was the only one with any Peace Corps experience on the senior staff during th0se long Republican years. After Gaddi left the agency, another good Republican and RPCV (India 1966-68) Ron Tschetter took over and Jody was freed to travel. When Obama was elected, Ron left, and turned the Peace Corps ‘keys’ over to Jody and briefly she was allowed to travel and speak and freely walk up and down the halls of the agency.
While she was free, she flew to Atlanta for the funeral, but it appears that is all she did. Kate Puzey’s father would says on the 20/20 program: no one in the Peace Corps called the family for a year after his daughter’s murder. He also said that Kate’s personal effects from Africa arrived by mail in a cardboard box that was “dumped” in their driveway without any word from the Peace Corps. That, perhaps, was the most unkind cut of all for the agency.
This wasn’t Aaron Williams or Carrie Hessler-Radidad fault. They weren’t working at the Peace Corps. No, that was the fault of Acting Director Jody Olsen, African Regional Manager Lynn Foden, Elisa Montoya and Allison Price.
[Dennis Grubb (Colombia 1961-63) send me these notes from the Wake and Mass]
At Holy Trinity Church , Georgetown ( JFK’s neighborhood church) along with several hundred “Shriver friends, exPCV’s, Special Olympics staff , exOEO staff “” 5 children, 19 grandchildren, the ex Governor of California . Along with many RPCV’s ( Jerry Critchley, Georgina McGuire, Maureen Carroll) and I attended the wake and eulogies for Sarge. Barney Hopewell and Dan Wemoff of my Group were cited in the early condolence line and before the official program began at 6:45
C-Span was there and if you are interested in the eulogies delivered by Bill Moyers, Chris Dodd, Maureen Orth ( Colombia XIII), Steny Hoyer ( D-MD) ,C.Payne Lucas (PC Director-Africa),and Washington Post columnist Coleman McCarthy check the C-Span achieves.
At the unique mass for Sarge at Our Lady of Mercy in Potomac , Maryland about 10 miles from downtown Washington Sarge family. friends and apostles were the feature of the day. Anthony Shriver opened the gathering by welcoming everyone on behalf of the family . He conclude his remarks by asking the congregation ,which include President Clinton, VP Biden, Michelle Obama Nancy Pelosi , the Maryland Senators and Congressman, the Governor and hundreds of friends including ex Peace Corps Volunteers, Head Start parents, Special Olympic athletes to read aloud and affirm a pledge to Sarge , and to ourselves to be his Apostles. The Mass of Christian Burial and Holy Communion officiated by Washington’s Cardinel Wherl ( Sarge was baptized , married and buried by a Cardinal) followed.
The pledge: I hope you remember to believe in things until you die. I hope you remember to be guided by beliefs powerful enough to change the world. I hope you remember the example of the Peace Corps volunteer, The Head Start parent, the Special Olympics athlete. They each in their own way, are waging peace. Maybe you will even remember me and my family. Remember the importance of family of giving and receiving of love. You have such a Chance! Oh, how, I wish I were you!!!!
Yale University Class Day
A Reception attend by 500 at the Congressional Country Club in Potomac followed with 500 friends and notables in attendance. Peace Corps types included Chris Dodd (DR 6), Pat Wand ( Colombia 8), Maureen Orth (Colombia XIII), Chris Matthews ( Malawi), Bill Josephson ( PC General Consul), Rossie Drummond , Wendy Grieder ( Recruiting), and , of course many I couldn’t identified.
(The CNN videos are great eulogies at the Funeral, especially Clinton’s)
Don Beil (Somalia 1964–66) shares thoughts on the wake held for Sargent Shriver in Washington, DC this past Friday.
Robert Sargent Shriver Wake
Open to the public
Friday, January 21
4:00 to 8:00 p.m.
Holy Trinity Catholic Church
THE CHURCH DOORS DID NOT OPEN UNTIL 4:00 p.m., so having arrived 20 long minutes early I stood outside with a small group of mourners in the bitter cold. A handful of photographers and videographers waited across the street. For unknown reasons, other than to have something to keep them moving in the cold — even if it was only a finger — they took pictures of the short line. Perhaps it was my uneasiness at being this close to something religious that signaled something of interest to them.
Accompanied by police sirens, a hearse arrived followed by a large white limousine-labeled bus. Shrivers, apparently — for most are unknown to me, piled out of the bus, perhaps 25 or 30 in all. Almost all were children — thin, handsome, long hair. Former Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger was among them. Although I did not recognize her at that point, probably Maria was there too; later, once inside I realized who she was.
People near me in line — who all appeared to be in their 70s — were talking about when they served with, and then worked for, the Peace Corps. Although I too had been a Volunteer as well as worked for the Peace Corps in the 1960s I had learned long ago never to brag about how long ago it was. My wife had been an Ethiopia I from 1962 to 1964, two years before me, and had been at PC headquarters before me (she had in fact hired me), so it has always been useless for me to even think of bragging about how long ago I had served; there was always someone nearby who had been-there-done-that before I had.
Talk in the line then turned to important social movements — the Peace Corps and AA (”I’ve been 25 years without a drink” I heard) being the two topics discussed.
Several trucks went by with telescoping satellite antennae. The church is in Georgetown, where even the plentiful Smart cars of DC have difficulty finding a space to park.
The church doors opened, and those lovely Shriver children — some of the 19 grandchildren of the Shrivers I learned later — were so gracious. “Thank you for coming. Thank you for coming.”
As a watcher, I sat in the back while others who knew what to do at a wake waited in line down the middle aisle. The former Governor and his wife (I had by then realized who she was) were simply wonderful, moving slowly down the middle aisle in genuine conversation with one after another of the mourners. Simply very gracious.
I studied the small memorial card. That handsome Shriver smile on the front side framed in white, on the other, the following.
ROBERT SARGENT SHRIVER, JR.
November 9, 1915 – January 18, 2011
And now these three remain: faith, hope
and love. But the greatest of
these is love.
I hope you remember to believe in things
’til you die. I hope you remember to be
guided by beliefs powerful enough to
change the world. I hope you remember
the example of the Peace Corps
Volunteer, the Head Start parent, the
Special Olympics athlete. They, each in
their own way, are waging peace.
Maybe you will even remember me and
my family . . . remember the importance of
family — of giving and receiving — of love.
You have such a chance!
Oh, how I wish I were you!!!
Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr
Yale University Class Day
People in church began to recognize each other. Hugs. Pats on the back. The up and down rubbing of one’s hand on the upper arm of another — a warm gesture of understanding and connection.
It was a crowd with canes, many walking with the steps of age — a time to realize how long ago it was that Mr. Shriver had changed our society — and our lives, and now a time when young people have no idea of who the Kennedys are (were?) — the composition of the audience was far from a surprise. Many, to turn their heads, had to turn their whole bodies, as the necks of age no longer swivel without pain. The numbers for whom Mr. Shriver was a hero have dwindled.
The line in the middle aisle was moving very slowly, and although the crowd was never large it was very steady. It was a well-dressed crowd — unusual really for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers — so the crowd was not all RPCVs. Heavy coats were never removed throughout the evening as the church never warmed.
I passed on joining the reception line. What would I say? Mr. Shriver’s was for me a life in which he lived his words: “serve, serve, serve.” I had nothing more to say.
I signed the guest book for both my wife and myself, as she had asked in advance. So one name was a no-show.
It was a lively talkative crowd — yes, a celebration — not a hushed group.
Around the church, poster-size photos stood on easels. Fishing. Weddings. Families. Smiles.
As I watched the center aisle, it seemed that the hands moving warmly on upper-arms lingered longer on Mr. Schwarzenegger’s upper-arm than on others.
I asked when the program would begin. 6:30 p.m., meaning I would have been there for two and a half hours in the cold before the program began. I ducked out to The Tombs (no irony meant) a block away for a large warm — not hot — bowl of chili.
When I got back, the crowd was much larger. Steny Hoyer. John Kerry. Harris Wofford. David Axelrod. Caroline Kennedy, another back row sitter, sat at the other end of my row. Senator Kerry stood speaking informally with a woman in the aisle next to me; she prepared to leave him a note and was about to write in the white space when the Senator admonished her not to write on a memorial card.
People were asked to sit so that the program could begin.
The church was full, probably 500 seated, another 100 standing at the back, and more in the choir loft above.
“Please stand.” Amazing Grace. Speakers.
Steny Hoyer: We are all Sarge’s children. . . . He had a passion for people.
C. Payne Lucas: Sarge reminds me of Nelson Mandela. . . . There was not enough of him to go around.
Maureen Orth: Former PCVs owe him for what was, for so many of us, the best period of our lives.
“My name is Chris Dodd, Dominican Republic VI.” (Politicians — the constant me-generation.)
Colman McCarthy: As speech writers we give our speakers their quotes, those pearls that they repeat so smoothly. With Sarge, it was the reverse — he always told me what quotes to use in upcoming speeches I prepared for him.
George McGovern: Sarge consoled my wife and me — “we lost 49 states but never lost our souls.”
Bill Moyers: Sarge was a magnet for trust, and trusted us with a calling. LBJ told me “the way to sell the PC was to sell Sarge.”
Maria and her four brothers: Thank you. My father believed in faith, hope, and love; they have the greatest power.
A spokesperson for the Shriver Family suggested that the best place to send a note or card to the family would be:
1133 19th Street
Washington, D.C. 20036
[If you could, please forward this address onto RPCV friends. Not everyone checks this website (well, it is an imperfect world).]
Public Funeral Mass, Saturday, January 22
The funeral Mass will be held at Our Lady of Mercy in Potomac, MD on Saturday, January 22, and Cardinal Donald Wuerl of the Archdiocese of Washington will be the principal celebrant and homilist. Due to the overwhelming outpouring of condolences and public sentiment regarding the impact of Mr. Shriver’s life–and to honor the spirit of their father–the family has decided to open the funeral Mass to the public with the hope that his life’s work will inspire others to continue his legacy of service.
Address: Our Lady of Mercy, 9200 Kentsdale Drive Potomac, Maryland
Sargent Shriver, the Peace Corps, and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Posted by Peter Hessler
Sargent Shriver and John F. Kennedy greet Peace Corps volunteers, 1962.
R. Sargent Shriver died today, just after the holiday to honor Martin Luther King, Jr., and not long before the fiftieth anniversary of the Peace Corps’ founding. Shriver would have had something to say about both occasions. One of his defining moments occurred in 1960, when he worked on the Presidential campaign for his brother-in-law, John F. Kennedy. Initially, Kennedy avoided expressing support for King, because he worried about losing white votes in the South. In October of that year, King was arrested after an Atlanta sit-in, and he was threatened with a jail sentence on trumped up charges. Coretta Scott King was terrified that her husband would be murdered while in custody-she was pregnant at the time-and she telephoned Harris Wofford, a law professor at Notre Dame University. Wofford called Shriver, who said, “Give me her number and get me out of jail if I’m arrested for speeding.” He knew that Kennedy was at an airport hotel in Chicago, preparing to leave for another campaign stop.
But once Shriver got to Kennedy, he was smart enough to wait. Realizing that the candidate’s advisors would oppose any gesture of support, he kept silent until Kenneth O’Donnell, one of the top aides, went to the bathroom. “Why don’t you telephone Mrs. King and give her your sympathy?” Shriver said, when he was alone with Kennedy. “Negroes don’t expect everything will change tomorrow, no matter who’s elected. But they do want to know whether you care. If you telephone Mrs. King, they will know you understand and will help. You will reach their hearts and give support to a pregnant woman who is afraid her husband will be killed.”
“That’s a good idea,” said Kennedy. “Why not? Do you have her number? Get her on the phone.”
By the time O’Donnell made it off the toilet, the damage was done. Bobby Kennedy later yelled at Shriver for taking such a risk, but even he followed through on his brother’s gesture, calling key officials in Georgia. Within a day, King was released, and he told reporters that Senator Kennedy deserved full credit: “For him to be that courageous shows that he is really acting upon principle and not expediency.” It proved to be a crucial moment in a close campaign, as black voters turned out in large numbers to support Kennedy. (This story is recounted in Stanley Meisler’s new book about the Peace Corps, “When the World Calls,” to be published next month.)
Shriver was a deceptively effective politician. He never won an election, and he was overshadowed by the Kennedys, who discouraged him from seeking office at key moments. Certainly he made an unusual figure in that family. “We’re nicer than the Kennedys,” Shriver’s mother once told a reporter. According to Shriver’s biographer, he was still a virgin when, at the age of thirty-seven, and after five long years of courtship, he married Eunice Kennedy. Bobby Kennedy referred to him as a Boy Scout. Others in the family called him the House Communist. When Kennedy appointed him as the first director of the Peace Corps, many believed it was a sure ticket to obscurity. But Shriver built the agency with remarkable speed; less than six months after the Peace Corps was founded, it sent its first volunteers to Ghana. Shriver proved to be even better at getting publicity. Volunteer assignments were announced in newspapers across America, and even minor staff positions were noted in The New York Times. In 1961, the agency’s first year, The New Yorker published no fewer than five cartoons about the Peace Corps.
Nowadays, former volunteers tend to be wistful about those early days. Shriver left the Peace Corps after only five years-he had instituted a rule that nobody should exceed that span of time at the agency-and he went on to help shape a number of other prominent organizations, including the Special Olympics, Head Start, and VISTA. Meanwhile, the Peace Corps lost popularity during the Vietnam years, and it’s never fully recovered. Today there are barely more than half as many volunteers worldwide as there were during Shriver’s final year. Recently there’s been a successful push for more funding (I wrote about this in the magazine last month), but even the Peace Corps’s staunchest supporters tend to believe that the agency needs major reform. Other programs like Teach for America enjoy much more attention, and despite a half century of work, it’s hard to define exactly how the Peace Corps has affected both the world and American society. In a nation that tends to celebrate momentous events and sweeping change, the Peace Corps has usually been about quieter, more personal interactions. But this was something that Sargent Shriver always understood. As director, he sent writers all around the world to create detailed reports about the various Peace Corps programs, and at bedtime he loved reading about the experiences of individual volunteers. These moments can be hard to capture and communicate; they have a quicksilver quality and sometimes they’re tinged with sadness. In 1963, the day after the funeral of President Kennedy, a beggar approached Donna Shalala, who would someday become the secretary of health and human services, but who at that time was a Peace Corps volunteer in Iran. “No, I don’t have any money,” Shalala said, preëmpting the request.
“I don’t want money,” the beggar said. “I just want to tell you how sorry I am that your young president died.”
Read more http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/newsdesk/2011/01/sargent-shriver-the-peace-corps-and-martin-luther-king-jr.html#ixzz1BaxOuqVY
About John Coyne Babbles
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